丙烷

  性质 Properties Symbol Unit Value References
Basic Physical and Chemical Properties CAS注册号 CAS Registry Number CASRN / 74-98-6 Scifinder®
中文名称 Chemical Name / / Propane
丙烷
Scifinder®
英文名称 English Name / / HC 290,R290,Liquefied petroleum gas Scifinder®
组成 Composition / / /
分子式 Molecular Formula / / C3H8 Scifinder®
结构式 Structure Formula / / CH3CH2CH3 Scifinder®
相对分子量 Molecular Weight MW / 44.10
44.096
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
物理状态 Physical State / / Gas international MSDS
气味 Odor / / unpleasant odor George MSDS
颜色 Color / / Colorless George MSDS
熔点 Melting Point mp -187.63 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
沸点 Boiling Point bp -42.8±3.0
-42.1
-42.1
Scifinder®
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
饱和蒸汽压 Saturated Vapor Pressure(25℃) Psat MPa 0.9693
0.9561
0.95207
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体密度 Liquid Density(25℃) dl g/cm3 0.564±0.06
0.493
0.493
0.49236
Scifinder®
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体密度 Vapor Density(25℃, 101.325kPa) dg kg/m3 20.73
20.618
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
挥发性 Volatility / wt%
蒸发速度 Evaporation Rate(CCl4=1) / / >1(Ethyl Ether = 1.0) National Refrigent MSDS
Critical Properties 临界温度 Critical Temperature Tc 96.68
96.7
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons,
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
临界压力 Critical Pressure Pc MPa 4.248
4.25
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons,
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
临界体积 Critical Volume Vc cm3/mol 200.0 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
临界密度 Critical Density ρc kg/m3 220.5 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
临界压缩因子 Critical Compressibility Factor Zc / 0.276 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
液体压缩因子 Liquid Compressibility Factor Z / 0.034396 REFPROP 9.0
气体压缩因子 Vapor Compressibility Factor Z / 0.82140 REFPROP 9.0
偏心因子 Acentric Factor ω / 0.152 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
Thermophysical Properties 液体焓 Liquid Enthalpy H kJ/kg 160.07
264.91
265.11
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体焓 Vapor Enthalpy H kJ/kg 472.70
600.57
600.84
2010 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体熵 Liquid Entropy S kJ/kg·K 0.3319
1.2231
1.2247
2011ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体熵 Vapor Entropy S kJ/kg·K 0.9578
2.3506
2.3507
2012 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
生成焓 Enthalpy of Formation(25℃) ΔfHO kJ/mol -103.8 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
蒸发焓 Enthalpy of Vaporization ΔvH kJ/kg 837.76
335.74
335.40
829.04-42
Scifinder®
REFPROP 9.0
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
液体等压热容 Liquid Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 2.721
2.7189
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体等压热容 Vapor Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 2.0172
2.0147
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体等容热容 Liquid Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.6671
1.6671
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体等容热容 Vapor Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.5788
1.5759
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
Solubility 偶极矩 Dipole Moment μ D 0
0.084
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
解离常数 Dissociation Constant
清洗能力 KB
水中溶解度 Solubility in Water(23℃) / ppm wt/wt 220 Scifinder®
贝壳松脂丁醇值 Kauri-Butanol Value KB /
辛醇/水分配系数 Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient LogP / 2.236±0.164 Scifinder®
Hildabrand溶解度参数 Hildabrand Solubility Parameter δ cal/ml
Other Properties 液体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Liquid Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa -0.0042962 REFPROP 9.0
气体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Vapor Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa 21.612 REFPROP 9.0
液体粘度 Liquid Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.0972
0.097132
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
REFPROP 9.0
气体粘度 Vapor Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.00827
0.0082732
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
REFPROP 9.0
液体导热系数 Liquid Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 95.624
93.718
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体导热系数 Vapor Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 18.97
18.960
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体介电常数 Liquid Dielectric Constant ε F/m 1.27a
1.6678
1.6543
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体介电常数 Gas Dielectric Constant ε F/m 1.009a
1.00228
1.0227
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体体积电阻系数 Liquid Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm 73840MΩ·cm 2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
气体体积电阻系数 Gas Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm 105.3GΩ·m 2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
表面张力 Surface Tension(25℃) γ mN/m 6.984
6.62
6.9866
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
REFPROP 9.0
液体声速 Liquid Sound Velocity u m/s 719.2
719.29
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
REFPROP 9.0
气体声速 Vapor Sound Velocity u m/s 215.5
215.53
2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
REFPROP 9.0
最低灭火浓度 Minimum Extinguishment Concentration MEC %
Atmospheric Effects 臭氧消耗潜能值 Ozone Depletion Potential ODP / 0 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
全球变暖潜能值 Global Warming Potential(100yr) GWP / ~20 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
大气寿命 Atmospheric Life / yr 0.041 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
光化学臭氧合成潜能 photochemica lozone creation potential POCP /
全球温度潜势 global temperature change potential(100yr) GTP /
Flammability 闪点 Flash Point / -98.0±6.6
-104
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
自燃点 Autoignition Point / 450 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
燃烧下限 Lower Flammability Limit LFL %vol 2.1
2.0
2.1
2.1
田贯三,博士学位论文
张锐.新型替代制冷剂爆炸极限理论与实验研究
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
燃烧上限 Upper Flammability Limit UFL %vol 9.5
10.0
9.5
田贯三,博士学位论文
张锐.新型替代制冷剂爆炸极限理论与实验研究
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
燃烧热 Heat of Combustion HOC MJ/kg 50.4
5.034
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
最小点火能 Minimum Ignition Energy MIE mJ 0.25 田贯三,博士学位论文
燃烧速度 Burning Velocity Su cm/s
可燃浓度限值 ASHRAE Flammable Concentration Limit FCL ppm v/v 5300 ASHRAE 34-2010
最大燃烧压力 Maximum Combustion Pressure 105Pa 7.6 田贯三,博士学位论文
最大燃烧压力上升速率 Maximum Rate of Pressure Increase During Combustion
Toxicity RTECS号 Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances® Number / / TX2275000 ReagentWorld MSDS
接近致死浓度 Approximate Lethal Concentration ALC ppm v/v
半数致死浓度 Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 ppm v/v >200000 ASHRAE 34-2010
心脏致敏最低作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v 100000 ASHRAE 34-2010
心脏致敏最高无作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v 50000 ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应半数作用浓度 Anesthesia Effective Concentration 50% EC50 ppm v/v 280000 ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应最低作用剂量 Anesthesia Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v none ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应最高无作用剂量 Anesthesia No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v none ASHRAE 34-2010
28天亚急性吸入毒性 28 Days Subacute Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v >4000 Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
90天亚慢性吸入毒性 90 Days Subchronic Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
一年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (12 month) NOEL ppm v/v
两年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (24 month) NOEL ppm v/v
立即威胁生命和健康浓度 NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health IDLH ppm v/v 2100 Airgas MSDS
缺氧限值 ASHRAE Oxygen Deprivation Limit ODL ppm v/v 140000 ASHRAE 34-2010
急性毒性暴露限值 ASHRAE Acute Toxicity Exposure Limit ATEL ppm v/v 50000 ASHRAE 34-2010
制冷剂浓度限值 ASHRAE Refrigerant Concentration Limit RCL ppm v/v 5300 ASHRAE 34-2010
职业接触限值 ASHRAE Occupational Exposure Limit OEL ppm v/v 1000 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
时间加权平均阈限值 ACGIH Threshold Limit Value-Time-Weighted Average TLV-TWA ppm v/v 1000
1000
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Waterbury Companies MSDS R152-4
允许暴露水平 OSHA Permissible Exposure Level PEL ppm v/v 1000
1000
CO-OP MSDS
Waterbury Companies MSDS R152-4
工作环境暴露水平 AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Level WEEL ppm v/v
可接受暴露限值 Dupont Acceptable Exposure Limit AEL ppm v/v
ASHRAE安全等级 ASHRAE Safety Group / / A3 2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
嗅觉阈值 Odor Threshold / ppm v/v
大型水蚤半数作用浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 48h Daphnia Magna Effective Concentration 50% EC50 mg/L 12.7 – 164 Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
虹鳟鱼半数致死浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 96h Rainbow Trout Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 mg/L 11.3 – 167 Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
皮肤刺激或腐蚀
降解产物 Degradation Products carbon dioxide,carbon monoxide Airgas MSDS