环戊烷

  性质 Properties Symbol Unit Value References
Basic Physical and Chemical Properties CAS注册号 CAS Registry Number CASRN / 287-92-3 Scifinder®
中文名称 Chemical Name / / Cyclopentane
环戊烷
Scifinder®
英文名称 English Name / / NSC 60213, Pentamethylene Scifinder®
组成 Composition / / /
分子式 Molecular Formula / / C5H10 Scifinder®
结构式 Structure Formula / / -(CH2)5- Scifinder®
相对分子量 Molecular Weight MW / 70.13 Scifinder®
物理状态 Physical State / / liquid CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
气味 Odor / / mild
pleasant?gasoline-like?odour
Chevrom Phillips MSDS
megaloid MSDS
颜色 Color / / Colorless Chevrom Phillips MSDS
熔点 Melting Point mp -93.84
-93.4
-94.16
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of the American Chemical Society,2001,vol.123,#4 P.737-738.
沸点 Boiling Point bp 49.2
49.25
49.4
49.3
49.25
Scifinder®
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Solution Chemistry,1994,vol.23,#4 P.501-510.
饱和蒸汽压 Saturated Vapor Pressure(25℃) Psat MPa 0.0419
0.0423
0.042341
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体密度 Liquid Density(25℃) dl g/cm3 0.790±0.06
0.750
0.745720
0.74034
0.737113
Scifinder®
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
Reaxys:Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan,2012,vol.85#10 P.1145-1154
气体密度 Vapor Density(25℃, 101.325kPa) dg kg/m3 1.2206 REFPROP 9.0
挥发性 Volatility / wt% >99% Chevrom Phillips MSDS
蒸发速度 Evaporation Rate(CCl4=1) / / 6(Butyl Acetate=1) megaloid MSDS
Critical Properties 临界温度 Critical Temperature Tc 238.55
238.6
238.55
238.55
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Solution Chemistry,1994,vol.23,#4 P.501-510.
临界压力 Critical Pressure Pc MPa 4.510
4.51
4.51
4.50999
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Solution Chemistry,1994,vol.23,#4 P.501-510.
临界体积 Critical Volume Vc cm3/mol 260.0
260
260
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Solution Chemistry,1994,vol.23,#4 P.501-510.
临界密度 Critical Density ρc kg/m3 269.7
270
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
Reaxys:Journal of the American Chemical Society,1947,vol.69,P.1273-1276.
临界压缩因子 Critical Compressibility Factor Zc / 0.276 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
液体压缩因子 Liquid Compressibility Factor Z / 0.0016180 REFPROP 9.0
气体压缩因子 Vapor Compressibility Factor Z / 0.98136 REFPROP 9.0
偏心因子 Acentric Factor ω / 0.195 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
Thermophysical Properties 液体焓 Liquid Enthalpy H kJ/kg -45.284 REFPROP 9.0
气体焓 Vapor Enthalpy H kJ/kg 361.32 REFPROP 9.0
液体熵 Liquid Entropy S kJ/kg·K 2.916
-0.14570
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体熵 Vapor Entropy S kJ/kg·K 1.2181 REFPROP 9.0
生成焓 Enthalpy of Formation(25℃) ΔfHO kJ/mol -105.1 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
蒸发焓 Enthalpy of Vaporization ΔvH kJ/kg 1914.549
1911.67
406.66
406.60
408.38
Scifinder®
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
Reaxys:Journal of the American Chemical Society,1959,vol.94,P.2733.
液体等压热容 Liquid Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 1.837
1.8050
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体等压热容 Vapor Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 1.1949 REFPROP 9.0
液体等容热容 Liquid Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.2679 REFPROP 9.0
气体等容热容 Vapor Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.0669 REFPROP 9.0
Solubility 偶极矩 Dipole Moment μ D 0
0
0
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Analytical Chemistry,1995,vol.67,#23 P.4423-4430
解离常数 Dissociation Constant
清洗能力 KB
水中溶解度 Solubility in Water(23℃) / ppm wt/wt 230
157
164

Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data,1988,vil.33,#2 P.136-138.
贝壳松脂丁醇值 Kauri-Butanol Value KB /
辛醇/水分配系数 Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient LogP / 2.635±0.156
3.00
2.73
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences,1998,vol.87,#8 P.1015-1024.
Hildabrand溶解度参数 Hildabrand Solubility Parameter δ cal/ml
Other Properties 液体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Liquid Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa -0.45183 REFPROP 9.0
气体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Vapor Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa 40.412 REFPROP 9.0
液体粘度 Liquid Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.413
0.41369
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体粘度 Vapor Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.0076537
REFPROP 9.0
液体导热系数 Liquid Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 126
127.04
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体导热系数 Vapor Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 12.358 REFPROP 9.0
液体介电常数 Liquid Dielectric Constant ε F/m 1.9687
1.97
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Recueil des Travaux Chimiques des Pays-Bas,1942,vol.61,P.767-769.
气体介电常数 Gas Dielectric Constant ε F/m
液体体积电阻系数 Liquid Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
气体体积电阻系数 Gas Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
表面张力 Surface Tension(25℃) γ mN/m 21.71
21.88
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
液体声速 Liquid Sound Velocity u m/s 1205.0 REFPROP 9.0
气体声速 Vapor Sound Velocity u m/s 195.22 REFPROP 9.0
最低灭火浓度 Minimum Extinguishment Concentration MEC %
Atmospheric Effects 臭氧消耗潜能值 Ozone Depletion Potential ODP / 0 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
全球变暖潜能值 Global Warming Potential(100yr) GWP / 11 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
大气寿命 Atmospheric Life / yr 0.007 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
光化学臭氧合成潜能 photochemica lozone creation potential POCP /
全球温度潜势 global temperature change potential(100yr) GTP /
Flammability 闪点 Flash Point / -37.2
-25
-37
-20
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Fisher Scientific MSDS
Sigma MSDS
自燃点 Autoignition Point / 361
380
361
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Fisher Scientific MSDS
Sigma MSDS
燃烧下限 Lower Flammability Limit LFL %vol 2
1.1
1.5
1.1
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
ScienceLab MSDS
Fisher Scientific MSDS
megaloid MSDS
燃烧上限 Upper Flammability Limit UFL %vol 8.7
9.4
8.7
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Fisher Scientific MSDS
megaloid MSDS
燃烧热 Heat of Combustion HOC MJ/kg 46.93
46.96
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Reaxys:Recueil des Travaux Chimiques des Pays-Bas,1952,vol.71,P.261-263.
最小点火能 Minimum Ignition Energy MIE mJ
燃烧速度 Burning Velocity Su cm/s
可燃浓度限值 ASHRAE Flammable Concentration Limit FCL ppm v/v
最大燃烧压力 Maximum Combustion Pressure 105Pa
最大燃烧压力上升速率 Maximum Rate of Pressure Increase During Combustion
Toxicity RTECS号 Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances® Number / / GY2390000 Sciencelab MSDS
接近致死浓度 Approximate Lethal Concentration ALC ppm v/v
半数致死浓度 Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 ppm v/v 25200 megaloid MSDS
心脏致敏最低作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v
心脏致敏最高无作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v
麻醉效应半数作用浓度 Anesthesia Effective Concentration 50% EC50 ppm v/v
麻醉效应最低作用剂量 Anesthesia Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v
麻醉效应最高无作用剂量 Anesthesia No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v
28天亚急性吸入毒性 28 Days Subacute Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
90天亚慢性吸入毒性 90 Days Subchronic Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
一年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (12 month) NOEL ppm v/v
两年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (24 month) NOEL ppm v/v
立即威胁生命和健康浓度 NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health IDLH ppm v/v
缺氧限值 ASHRAE Oxygen Deprivation Limit ODL ppm v/v
急性毒性暴露限值 ASHRAE Acute Toxicity Exposure Limit ATEL ppm v/v
制冷剂浓度限值 ASHRAE Refrigerant Concentration Limit RCL ppm v/v
职业接触限值 ASHRAE Occupational Exposure Limit OEL ppm v/v 600 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
时间加权平均阈限值 ACGIH Threshold Limit Value-Time-Weighted Average TLV-TWA ppm v/v 600 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
允许暴露水平 OSHA Permissible Exposure Level PEL ppm v/v 600 Fisher Scientific MSDS
工作环境暴露水平 AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Level WEEL ppm v/v
可接受暴露限值 Dupont Acceptable Exposure Limit AEL ppm v/v
ASHRAE安全等级 ASHRAE Safety Group / /
嗅觉阈值 Odor Threshold / ppm v/v
大型水蚤半数作用浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 48h Daphnia Magna Effective Concentration 50% EC50 mg/L 10.5
4.6 – 10.7
megaloid MSDS
Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
虹鳟鱼半数致死浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 96h Rainbow Trout Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 mg/L 3.9 – 9.5 Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
皮肤刺激或腐蚀
降解产物 Degradation Products carbon oxides Sciencelab MSDS