戊烷

  性质 Properties Symbol Unit Value References
Basic Physical and Chemical Properties CAS注册号 CAS Registry Number CASRN / 109-66-0 Scifinder®
中文名称 Chemical Name / / Pentane
戊烷
Scifinder®
英文名称 English Name / / NSC 72415; Norpar 5S; Skellysolve A; n-Pentane,R601 Scifinder®
组成 Composition / / /
分子式 Molecular Formula / / C5H12 Scifinder®
结构式 Structure Formula / / CH3(CH2)3CH3 Scifinder®
相对分子量 Molecular Weight MW / 72.15 Scifinder®
物理状态 Physical State / / liquid CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
气味 Odor / / Strong gasoline Chevrom Phillips MSDS
颜色 Color / / Colorless Chevrom Phillips MSDS
熔点 Melting Point mp -129.73
-129.67
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
沸点 Boiling Point bp 35.2±3.0
36.07
36.1
36.06
Scifinder®
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
饱和蒸汽压 Saturated Vapor Pressure(25℃) Psat MPa 0.07026
0.0683
0.068345
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体密度 Liquid Density(25℃) dl g/cm3 0.649±0.06
0.62078
0.621
0.626220
Scifinder®
REFPROP 9.0
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
气体密度 Vapor Density(25℃, 101.325kPa) dg kg/m3 2.0583 REFPROP 9.0
挥发性 Volatility / wt% 100(vol) J.T.Baker MSDS
蒸发速度 Evaporation Rate(CCl4=1) / / 1
28.6(BuAc=1)
Chevrom Phillips MSDS
J.T.Baker MSDS
Critical Properties 临界温度 Critical Temperature Tc 196.55
196.6
196.55
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
临界压力 Critical Pressure Pc MPa 3.370
3.37
3.370
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
临界体积 Critical Volume Vc cm3/mol 313.0
311
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
临界密度 Critical Density ρc kg/m3 230.5 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
临界压缩因子 Critical Compressibility Factor Zc / 0.270 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
液体压缩因子 Liquid Compressibility Factor Z / 0.0032042 REFPROP 9.0
气体压缩因子 Vapor Compressibility Factor Z / 0.96640 REFPROP 9.0
偏心因子 Acentric Factor ω / 0.252 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
Thermophysical Properties 液体焓 Liquid Enthalpy H kJ/kg -25.929 REFPROP 9.0
气体焓 Vapor Enthalpy H kJ/kg 340.36 REFPROP 9.0
液体熵 Liquid Entropy S kJ/kg·K -0.085209 REFPROP 9.0
气体熵 Vapor Entropy S kJ/kg·K 1.1433 REFPROP 9.0
生成焓 Enthalpy of Formation(25℃) ΔfHO kJ/mol -173.5 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
蒸发焓 Enthalpy of Vaporization ΔvH kJ/kg 1937.949
366.29
366.325
1875.1836
Scifinder®
REFPROP 9.0
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
液体等压热容 Liquid Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 2.315
2.3154
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体等压热容 Vapor Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 1.7043 REFPROP 9.0
液体等容热容 Liquid Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.733 REFPROP 9.0
气体等容热容 Vapor Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.5676 REFPROP 9.0
Solubility 偶极矩 Dipole Moment μ D 0 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
解离常数 Dissociation Constant
清洗能力 KB
水中溶解度 Solubility in Water(23℃) / ppm wt/wt 43
41
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
贝壳松脂丁醇值 Kauri-Butanol Value KB /
辛醇/水分配系数 Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient LogP / 3.255±0.164
3.45
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Hildabrand溶解度参数 Hildabrand Solubility Parameter δ cal/ml
Other Properties 液体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Liquid Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa -0.36448 REFPROP 9.0
气体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Vapor Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa 36.406 REFPROP 9.0
液体粘度 Liquid Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.224
0.21780
0.223
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
Chevrom Phillips MSDS
气体粘度 Vapor Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.0069201
0.006727
REFPROP 9.0
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
液体导热系数 Liquid Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 111.3
111.39
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体导热系数 Vapor Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 14.427
14.219
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体介电常数 Liquid Dielectric Constant ε F/m 1.8371
1.8320
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
气体介电常数 Gas Dielectric Constant ε F/m 1.0022 REFPROP 9.0
液体体积电阻系数 Liquid Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
气体体积电阻系数 Gas Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
表面张力 Surface Tension(25℃) γ mN/m 15.47
15.49
15.463
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体声速 Liquid Sound Velocity u m/s 1011.3 REFPROP 9.0
气体声速 Vapor Sound Velocity u m/s 186.66 REFPROP 9.0
最低灭火浓度 Minimum Extinguishment Concentration MEC %
Atmospheric Effects 臭氧消耗潜能值 Ozone Depletion Potential ODP / 0
0
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
全球变暖潜能值 Global Warming Potential(100yr) GWP / ~20 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
大气寿命 Atmospheric Life / yr 0.009 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
光化学臭氧合成潜能 photochemica lozone creation potential POCP /
全球温度潜势 global temperature change potential(100yr) GTP /
Flammability 闪点 Flash Point / -49.4
56
-40
-49
Scifinder®
维勒?克雷柯.高效绝热泡沫发泡剂Solkane 365mfc和Solkane 365/227
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
J.T.Baker MSDS
自燃点 Autoignition Point / 285
260
260
维勒?克雷柯.高效绝热泡沫发泡剂Solkane 365mfc和Solkane 365/227
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
J.T.Baker MSDS
燃烧下限 Lower Flammability Limit LFL %vol 1.3
1.2
1.4
1.42
田贯三,博士学位论文
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
燃烧上限 Upper Flammability Limit UFL %vol 7.6
8
7.8
田贯三,博士学位论文
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
燃烧热 Heat of Combustion HOC MJ/kg 467
48.64
维勒?克雷柯.高效绝热泡沫发泡剂Solkane 365mfc和Solkane 365/227
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
最小点火能 Minimum Ignition Energy MIE mJ 0.22 维勒?克雷柯.高效绝热泡沫发泡剂Solkane 365mfc和Solkane 365/227
燃烧速度 Burning Velocity Su cm/s
可燃浓度限值 ASHRAE Flammable Concentration Limit FCL ppm v/v 3000 ASHRAE 34-2010
最大燃烧压力 Maximum Combustion Pressure 105Pa
最大燃烧压力上升速率 Maximum Rate of Pressure Increase During Combustion
Toxicity RTECS号 Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances® Number / / RZ9450000 Sciencelab MSDS
接近致死浓度 Approximate Lethal Concentration ALC ppm v/v
半数致死浓度 Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 ppm v/v 434000 ASHRAE 34-2010
心脏致敏最低作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v none ASHRAE 34-2010
心脏致敏最高无作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v none ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应半数作用浓度 Anesthesia Effective Concentration 50% EC50 ppm v/v none ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应最低作用剂量 Anesthesia Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v 32000 ASHRAE 34-2010
麻醉效应最高无作用剂量 Anesthesia No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v 16000 ASHRAE 34-2010
28天亚急性吸入毒性 28 Days Subacute Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
90天亚慢性吸入毒性 90 Days Subchronic Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
一年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (12 month) NOEL ppm v/v
两年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (24 month) NOEL ppm v/v
立即威胁生命和健康浓度 NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health IDLH ppm v/v
缺氧限值 ASHRAE Oxygen Deprivation Limit ODL ppm v/v 140000 ASHRAE 34-2010
急性毒性暴露限值 ASHRAE Acute Toxicity Exposure Limit ATEL ppm v/v 1000 ASHRAE 34-2010
制冷剂浓度限值 ASHRAE Refrigerant Concentration Limit RCL ppm v/v 1000 ASHRAE 34-2010
职业接触限值 ASHRAE Occupational Exposure Limit OEL ppm v/v 600 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
时间加权平均阈限值 ACGIH Threshold Limit Value-Time-Weighted Average TLV-TWA ppm v/v 600 CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
允许暴露水平 OSHA Permissible Exposure Level PEL ppm v/v 1000 J.T.Baker MSDS
工作环境暴露水平 AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Level WEEL ppm v/v
可接受暴露限值 Dupont Acceptable Exposure Limit AEL ppm v/v
ASHRAE安全等级 ASHRAE Safety Group / / A3 2009 ASHRAE Handbook-Fundamentals
嗅觉阈值 Odor Threshold / ppm v/v 2.2
120?–?1150ppm?–?very?wide?range
Sciencelab MSDS
megaloid MSDS
大型水蚤半数作用浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 48h Daphnia Magna Effective Concentration 50% EC50 mg/L 2.7
4.6 – 10.7
Chevrom Phillips MSDS
Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
虹鳟鱼半数致死浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 96h Rainbow Trout Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 mg/L 5.3
3.9 – 9.5
Chevrom Phillips MSDS
Refinery gases category analysis and hazard characterization
皮肤刺激或腐蚀
降解产物 Degradation Products Carbon oxides Chevrom Phillips MSDS