R161

  性质 Properties Symbol Unit Value References
Basic Physical and Chemical Properties CAS注册号 CAS Registry Number CASRN / 353-36-6 Scifinder®
中文名称 Chemical Name / / Fluoroethane
氟乙烷
Scifinder®
英文名称 English Name / / HFC-161,Monofluoroethane Scifinder®
组成 Composition / /
分子式 Molecular Formula / / C2H5F Scifinder®
结构式 Structure Formula / / CH3CH2F Scifinder®
相对分子量 Molecular Weight MW / 48.06 Scifinder®
物理状态 Physical State / / Gas CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
气味 Odor / /
颜色 Color / / Colorless 百灵威 MSDS
熔点 Melting Point mp -143.2
-143.2
-143.2
-143.2
百灵威 MSDS
Reaxys:Journal of Physical Chemistry,1940,vol.44,P.293
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
沸点 Boiling Point bp -36.5±3.0
-37.7
-37.66
-37.7
-37.7
Scifinder®
百灵威 MSDS
Reaxys:Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data,2011,vol.56,#4P.727-732
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
饱和蒸汽压 Saturated Vapor Pressure(25℃) Psat MPa 0.7959
0.92565
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REFPROP 9.0
液体密度 Liquid Density(25℃) dl g/cm3 0.717±0.06
0.712820
0.7120
0.71942
Scifinder®
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
REFPROP 9.0
气体密度 Vapor Density(25℃, 101.325kPa) dg kg/m3 21.699 REFPROP 9.0
挥发性 Volatility / wt%
蒸发速度 Evaporation Rate(CCl4=1) / /
Critical Properties 临界温度 Critical Temperature Tc 102.16
102.16
102.16
102.2
102.15
Reaxys:Journal of the American Chemical Society,1935,vol.57,P.1340
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
韩晓红.新型混合替代制冷剂R125/R161的汽液相平衡
临界压力 Critical Pressure Pc MPa 5.02775
5.028
5.028
5.09
5.02
Reaxys:Journal of the American Chemical Society,1935,vol.57,P.1340
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
韩晓红.新型混合替代制冷剂R125/R161的汽液相平衡
临界体积 Critical Volume Vc cm3/mol 164
169
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
韩晓红.新型混合替代制冷剂R125/R161的汽液相平衡
临界密度 Critical Density ρc kg/m3 293.1 Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
临界压缩因子 Critical Compressibility Factor Zc / 0.264
0.261
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
韩晓红.新型混合替代制冷剂R125/R161的汽液相平衡
液体压缩因子 Liquid Compressibility Factor Z / 0.024944 REFPROP 9.0
气体压缩因子 Vapor Compressibility Factor Z / 0.82701 REFPROP 9.0
偏心因子 Acentric Factor ω / 0.220
0.215
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
韩晓红.新型混合替代制冷剂R125/R161的汽液相平衡
Thermophysical Properties 液体焓 Liquid Enthalpy H kJ/kg 252.35 REFPROP 9.0
气体焓 Vapor Enthalpy H kJ/kg 589.15 REFPROP 9.0
液体熵 Liquid Entropy S kJ/kg·K 1.1810 REFPROP 9.0
气体熵 Vapor Entropy S kJ/kg·K 12.712
2.3106
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
生成焓 Enthalpy of Formation(25℃) ΔfHO kJ/mol
蒸发焓 Enthalpy of Vaporization ΔvH kJ/kg 1006.3764
982.745(-37.1)
336.80
Scifinder®
Reaxys:Journal of Physical Chemistry,1940,vol.44, P.293
REFPROP 9.0
液体等压热容 Liquid Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 2.1540 REFPROP 9.0
气体等压热容 Vapor Isobaric Heat Capacity(25℃) Cp kJ/kg·K 2.816
1.8571
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
REFPROP 9.0
液体等容热容 Liquid Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.4780 REFPROP 9.0
气体等容热容 Vapor Isochoric heat capacity(25℃) Cv kJ/kg·K 1.3553 REFPROP 9.0
Solubility 偶极矩 Dipole Moment μ D 1.94
1.937±0.007
1.940
Reaxys:Journal of Molecular Structure,1990,vol.216,P.9-26
CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics(2010)
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
解离常数 Dissociation Constant
清洗能力 KB
水中溶解度 Solubility in Water(23℃) / ppm wt/wt 6700
4056
Scifinder®
Moissan., Annales de chimie et de physique, 1890, 6(19), p272.
贝壳松脂丁醇值 Kauri-Butanol Value KB /
辛醇/水分配系数 Octanol/Water Partition Coefficient LogP / 1.208±0.205 Scifinder®
Hildabrand溶解度参数 Hildabrand Solubility Parameter δ cal/ml
Other Properties 液体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Liquid Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa -0.13463 REFPROP 9.0
气体焦耳-汤姆逊系数 Vapor Joule-Thomson Coefficient JT ℃/MPa 27.409 REFPROP 9.0
液体粘度 Liquid Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.0097
0.12452
Reaxys:Journal of Chemical Physics,1994,vol.100,#4 P .3149-3151
REFPROP 9.0
气体粘度 Vapor Viscosity(25℃) η mPa·s 0.010970 REFPROP 9.0
液体导热系数 Liquid Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 116.57 REFPROP 9.0
气体导热系数 Vapor Thermal Conductivity(25℃) λ mW/m·K 18.898 REFPROP 9.0
液体介电常数 Liquid Dielectric Constant ε F/m
气体介电常数 Gas Dielectric Constant ε F/m
液体体积电阻系数 Liquid Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
气体体积电阻系数 Gas Volume Resistivity(1kHz) ρ Ω·cm
表面张力 Surface Tension(25℃) γ mN/m 9.63
8.0249
Thermophysical Properties of Chemicals and Hydrocarbons, 2008
REFPROP 9.0
液体声速 Liquid Sound Velocity u m/s 684.82 REFPROP 9.0
气体声速 Vapor Sound Velocity u m/s 215.14 REFPROP 9.0
最低灭火浓度 Minimum Extinguishment Concentration MEC %
Atmospheric Effects 臭氧消耗潜能值 Ozone Depletion Potential ODP / 0 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
全球变暖潜能值 Global Warming Potential(100yr) GWP / 12 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
大气寿命 Atmospheric Life / yr 0.18 James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
光化学臭氧合成潜能 photochemica lozone creation potential POCP /
全球温度潜势 global temperature change potential(100yr) GTP / 1 Global Warming Potentials and Radiative Efficiencies of Halocarbons and Related Compounds: A Comprehensive Review, Accepted for publication in Rev. Geophys
Flammability 闪点 Flash Point / -76.2±10.2 Scifinder®
自燃点 Autoignition Point /
燃烧下限 Lower Flammability Limit LFL %vol 5
3.8
3.8
百灵威 MSDS
James M calm Physical,safty,and environmental data for current and alternative refrigerants
张锐.新型替代制冷剂爆炸极限理论与实验研究
燃烧上限 Upper Flammability Limit UFL %vol 10
18.0
百灵威 MSDS
张锐.新型替代制冷剂爆炸极限理论与实验研究
燃烧热 Heat of Combustion HOC MJ/kg 26.3
最小点火能 Minimum Ignition Energy MIE mJ
燃烧速度 Burning Velocity Su cm/s 38.3
可燃浓度限值 ASHRAE Flammable Concentration Limit FCL ppm v/v
最大燃烧压力 Maximum Combustion Pressure 105Pa
最大燃烧压力上升速率 Maximum Rate of Pressure Increase During Combustion
Toxicity RTECS号 Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances® Number / / KI3650000 化学物质毒性数据库
接近致死浓度 Approximate Lethal Concentration ALC ppm v/v
半数致死浓度 Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 ppm v/v 256000 Charles P. Carpenter;The Assay of Acute Vapor Toxicity,and The Grading and Interpretation of Results on 96 Chenical Compounds;Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology;vol31,No.6; Nov1949;343-346
心脏致敏最低作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v
心脏致敏最高无作用剂量 Cardiac Sensitization No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v
麻醉效应半数作用浓度 Anesthesia Effective Concentration 50% EC50 ppm v/v
麻醉效应最低作用剂量 Anesthesia Lowest Observed Effect Level LOEL ppm v/v
麻醉效应最高无作用剂量 Anesthesia No Observed Effect Level NOEL ppm v/v
28天亚急性吸入毒性 28 Days Subacute Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
90天亚慢性吸入毒性 90 Days Subchronic Inhalation Toxicity NOEL ppm v/v
一年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (12 month) NOEL ppm v/v
两年长期吸入毒性 Long Term Inhalation Toxicity (24 month) NOEL ppm v/v
立即威胁生命和健康浓度 NIOSH Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health IDLH ppm v/v ND
缺氧限值 ASHRAE Oxygen Deprivation Limit ODL ppm v/v ND
急性毒性暴露限值 ASHRAE Acute Toxicity Exposure Limit ATEL ppm v/v ND
制冷剂浓度限值 ASHRAE Refrigerant Concentration Limit RCL ppm v/v ND
职业接触限值 ASHRAE Occupational Exposure Limit OEL ppm v/v ND
时间加权平均阈限值 ACGIH Threshold Limit Value-Time-Weighted Average TLV-TWA ppm v/v ND
允许暴露水平 OSHA Permissible Exposure Level PEL ppm v/v ND
工作环境暴露水平 AIHA Workplace Environmental Exposure Level WEEL ppm v/v ND
可接受暴露限值 Dupont Acceptable Exposure Limit AEL ppm v/v ND
ASHRAE安全等级 ASHRAE Safety Group / / ND
嗅觉阈值 Odor Threshold / ppm v/v
大型水蚤半数作用浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 48h Daphnia Magna Effective Concentration 50% EC50 mg/L
虹鳟鱼半数致死浓度水生态毒性 Aquatic Toxicity of 96h Rainbow Trout Lethal Concentration 50% LC50 mg/L
皮肤刺激或腐蚀
降解产物 Degradation Products HF 百灵威 MSDS